The title "prince" is primarily used to describe Camarilla vampires, while the equivalent office in the Sabbat is generally Bishop or Archbishop. While the office in modern nights is synonymous with the Camarilla, the title stretches back to the feudal structures of the Dark Ages and is occasionally used by vampires who predate the Camarilla. "Prince" is used for rulers of any gender; despite the title's patrician origins, the modern usage of the term owes more to Machiavelli than royalty, and in any case sex has little meaning for Elder vampires.
Generally, a prince is advised by a council of Primogen, Elders representing each of the major Clans of the Camarilla. Princes also delegate other offices: Scourge, Sheriff, Keeper of Elysium and any other offices specific to the city. Princes are also the primary interface with the government of the Camarilla — they are expected to assist Archons and Justicars as necessary.
The true capability and powers of a prince vary from domain to domain. Powerful princes may micromanage the entire city personally, while a less capable prince may be little more than a rubber-stamp for his primogen. The Camarilla has no set policy for succession and will usually recognize the most powerful vampire who wants to claim the title of prince, although in certain cases (such as Tara of San Diego or the Lasombra elder Giangaleazzo), the Camarilla takes an active hand in the installation of a city's ruler.
- Allotting hunting grounds;
- Declaration or revocation of Elysium;
- Granting authority to sire new vampires;
- Punishment for violating the Traditions, mainly the Masquerade;
- Calling a Blood Hunt.
- Main article: List of Princes (VTM)